How does the presidential elections work

how does the presidential elections work

Many different proposals to alter the Presidential election process have been offered over the years, such as direct nation-wide election by the People, but none have been passed by Congress and sent to the States for ratification as a Constitutional amendment.

Each elector casts one electoral vote following the general election; there are a total of 538 electoral votes. The Electoral College is a controversial mechanism of presidential elections that was created by the framers of the U.

What Is The Electoral College? How It Works And Why It Matters

The President of the Senate announces the results of the vote and declares which persons, if any, have been elected President and Vice President of the United States. In all but two states, the candidate who wins the majority of votes in a state wins that state's electoral votes. Public opinion polls have shown Americans favored abolishing it by majorities of 58 percent in 1967; 81 percent in 1968; and 75 percent in 1981.

how does the presidential elections work

Constitution it would be necessary to pass a Constitutional amendment to change this system. See the key dates for the 2016 election and information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials , the Office of the Federal Register and the National Archives and Records Administration NARA , and the Congress in the Electoral College process.

Presidential Election Process

Primaries and Caucuses There are many people who want to be president. Call USA. Can you lose the popular vote and win the electoral college vote?

how does the presidential elections work

That means that a candidate can win a combination of states and reach the 270 electors mark without winning the majority of votes across the country. How are the electors selected?

how does the presidential elections work

In 1872, when Horace Greeley passed away between election day and the meeting of electors, the electors who were slated to vote for Greeley voted for various candidates, including Greeley. These votes are then sealed and sent to the president of the Senate, who on January 6th opens and reads the votes in the presence of both houses of Congress. But the tally of those votes—the popular vote—does not determine the winner.

Understanding the US Elections

Each party also has some unpledged delegates or superdelegates. A tie would not be known of until late November or early December, after a recount and after the Secretary of State had certified the election results.

how does the presidential elections work

In the United States, a system called the Electoral College periodically allows a candidate who receives fewer popular votes to win an election. Are there restrictions on who the Electors can vote for?

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The person from each party with the most delegates then becomes their candidate and runs for the job of president! These rules make it possible for both candidates to receive electoral votes from Nebraska and Maine, unlike the winner-take-all system in the other 48 states.

This post has been updated to include additional information about the significance of the Electoral College. If the President-elect fails to qualify before inauguration, Section 3 of the 20th Amendment states that the Vice President-elect will act as President until such a time as a President has qualified. Every four years people in the US vote for who they want to be their president.

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How does the Electoral College work?

Territories Puerto Rico, Guam, the U. Clark Archer, Stephen J. This happened to George W.